Blood Flow Restriction Training (BFRT) is the brief and intermittent occlusion or restriction of arterial and venous blood flow that is performed through applying a tourniquet to the upper or lower extremity. This restriction results in physiological changes that mimic changes associated with high intensity exercise. The results are improvements in muscle strength, size and functional aerobic capacity in shorter amounts of time with less stress on the body than typical training.
BFRT is becoming increasingly popular worldwide and has recently been adopted by rehabilitation professionals, personal trainers, strength and conditioning coaches, Olympians, and serious athletes. It has been found to be safe and beneficial for almost anyone, including individuals of all ability levels when applied at a specific, individualized level of cuff pressure, which will be evaluated through measuring limb occlusion pressure via a doppler during an initial visit. Many clinical trials are currently underway to determine best practice protocols for a variety of common orthopedic conditions, sports related injuries and cardiovascular health.